The town was founded in the 14th-century around the Trinity Monastery of St. Sergio, one of the finest examples of Russian architecture of the 14th-C. Today, it functions as the heart of the Russian Orthodox Church and is sometimes known as the “Russian Vatican.” The interiors of the white stone Trinity Cathedral are decorated with the icons painted by the old masters. The Museum of Applied Art offers displays of ancient embroidery, gold and silver tableware, furniture and tapestries. The city is also home to the Pilgrimage Center.
The Cathedral of Intercession of Theotokos on the Moat, popularly known as the Cathedral of Basil the Blessed, is a Russian Orthodox cathedral located on the Red Square in Moscow, built in 1555 next to the Kremlin. It was built on the order of Ivan IV (the Terrible) to commemorate the capture of the Khanate of Kazan.